The Emergence of Industrial Society in the West, 1750–1914
The Age of Revolutions:
Probably Eugene Delacroix’s best known painting, it is an unforgettable image of Parisians, having taken up arms, marching forward under the banner of the tricolour representing liberty, equality, and fraternity; Delacroix was inspired by contemporary events to invoke the romantic image of the spirit of liberty. The soldiers lying dead in the foreground offer poignant counterpoint to the symbolic female figure, who is illuminated triumphantly, as if in a spotlight (Wikipedia).
To get an idea of the powerful Enlightenment ideas that rocked and transformed Europe’s traditional paradigm, watch the following lecture by professor Stephen Hicks. It’s concise, yet at the same time it provides a general overview of how these new philosophical ideas and beliefs influenced the age (ie. how abstract thought influenced the “real world”). Watch the 3 clips.
The Industrial Revolution:
One of the major outcomes of the Industrial Revolution was massive population growth. This led to a host of new issues for nation states to deal with (ie. food issues, changing family and work patterns, crime, pollution, etc.)
The 1800s evidenced a changing Europe. Aside from the new realities imposed by industrialization, new nation states were also formed. The mid-19th century saw both Italy and Germany fused into single nations, as strong leaders brought together numerous small regional states.
Hans Rosling’s famous lectures combine enormous quantities of public data with a sport’s commentator’s style to reveal the story of the world’s past, present and future development. Now he explores stats in a way he has never done before – using augmented reality animation. In this spectacular section of ‘The Joy of Stats’ he tells the story of the world in 200 countries over 200 years using 120,000 numbers – in just four minutes. Plotting life expectancy against income for every country since 1810, Hans shows how the world we live in is radically different from the world most of us imagine. This video gives an indication of how industrialization and modernization powerfully transformed the world. While much of Europe shot ahead in the 1800s, many of today’s developing nations are now playing “catch up.”